Deciduous forests in the valley floor

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Deciduous forests in the valley floor

Paraje de Tejerina, Guadalquivir valley

Some valley floors have deep, rich soil combined with thermal inversion. Such special soil and weather conditions enable deciduous forests to grow there. The forests underwent drastic transformations owing to human activities and now they are restricted to small pockets in the Guadalquivir valley.

The Tejerina area is home to a splendid deciduous forest made up of gall oaks (Quercus faginea) whose leaves are larger and shinier than their alpine counterparts, Montpelier maple (Acer monspessulanum), true service trees (Sorbus domestica), wild service trees (Sorbus torminalis) and wild pear (Pyrus bourgaeana).

They are accompanied by many different bushes: hawthorns (Crataegus monogyna), blackthorns (Prunus spinosa), rosehips (Rosa spp.) and native Mediterranean woodland species, such as strawberry trees (Arbutus unedo), broad leaf Phillyrea (Phillyrea latifolia), wild jazmine (Jazminum fruticans) and ivy (Hedera helix). Blackberries (Rubus ulmifolius) grow in the damper areas and lavender (Lavandula latifolia) can be found on the edges of the forest and in the rocky areas.

The grasses you can see include Brachypodium phoenocoides, Holcus lanatus, some wild orchids (Pyrus bourgeana), clover (Trifolium campestre, T. strellatum), violets (Viola odorata) and other species (Bupleurum rigidum, Bellis perennis).


We recommend:

  • When you are in places like these, which are scarce, please be reminded that the deciduous forests are actually ecological refuges for wildlife. Many birds are able to survive the winter thanks to the berries they can find in them when food is scarce elsewhere. In turn, the birds help to disperse the seeds. Human activity in these places endangers the ecosystem’s fragile balance and causes severe loss of biodiversity. Much of the vegetation in this forest is protected by current regional legislation. Andalusia cannot afford to lose one of its most precious natural treasures: its forests.



Guadalquivir valley, on the A-319 road (kilometre 42), a little further down from Puente del Hacha bridge, in the area known as Tejerina.

X coordinates: UTM: 30 S WH 08 03 508.370
Y coordinates: UTM: 30 S WH 08 03 4203343
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