Routes by bike: Source of the River Guadalquivir

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Routes by bike: Source of the River Guadalquivir

This circular route is one of the most characteristic routes that can be done in the Nature Reserve, either by bike, in a private off-road vehicle or by booking an off-road vehicle guided tour. Your route starts in the town of Iruela, a historical site, but this circular route can be started at any point along the way and will always end at the same place. The first section of the asphalted track affords stunning views of the town of Cazorla and several viewpoints from which to admire the Old Town.

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NAME OF THE TRAIL TYPE OF TRAIL
CIRCULAR - SOURCE OF THE GUADALQUIVIR Circular
STARTING POINT ALTITUDE (M)
La Iruela 889 m
END POINT ALTITUDE (M)
La Iruela 889 m

ITINERARY: LA IRUELA- CAZORLA VIEWPOINTS- EL CHORRO- LORENTE PASS- SOURCE OF THE GUADALQUIVIR-LAS HERRERÍAS BRIDGE- CERRADA DE UTRERO - LAS PALOMAS PASS- BURUNCHEL

TOTAL DISTANCE (IN METRES): 58190
Asphalted or cement sections (in metres): 27190 % of the total 46.73 %
Sections of track or forest track or dry riverbed (in metres): 31000 % of the total 53.27 %
Trail Sections (in metres) % of the total 0 %
Sections of Livestock Routes (in metres) - Green Route % of the total %
SUITABILITY FOR CYCLING (%)
100%
TYPE OF TRACK SURFACE (i.e. ROCKY, SANDY)
Sandy and rocky
MAXIMUM ALTITUDE GAIN: 749 M
Accumulated ascent 2616 m
Accumulated descent 2616 m
TYPE OF ACCESSIBILITY
By off-road vehicle, cycling
MAPS
Topographic maps of ANDALUSIA published by ING (the National Geographic Institute) (1:25.000): 
PAGE 21
WAYPOINTS (IN CONSECUTIVE ORDER FROM START TO FINISH)

Short Name

Description

Coordinates

Elevation [m]

1

La Iruela

30S x=500553 y=4197132

938

2

Viewpoint and ascent to the Shrine

30S x=500519 y=4196321

991

3

Viewpoint

30S x=500502 y=4196136

994

4

Viewpoint

30S x=500541 y=4195795

999

5

Cascada de la Escaleruela waterfall

30S x=501159 y=4194704

1084

6

Riogazas checkpoint

30S x=500452 y=4194036

1185

7

Views of Castillo de las Cinco Esquinas castle

30S x=499889 y=4194157

1279

8

Views of the Montesión Monastery

30S x=499467 y=4193774

1278

9

Casa Forestal Chorro (forestry house)

30S x=499657 y=4192116

1319

10

Access to a fountain

30S x=499839 y=4191955

1295

11

Buitreras del Chorro - Viewpoint

30S x=499200 y=4191754

1304

12

Collado Zamora

30S x=500028 y=4188287

1413

13

Panoramic Views

30S x=500145 y=4188092

1423

14

Puerto Lorente Pass

30S x=501003 y=4188107

1543

15

Fountain

30S x=501307 y=4188394

1462

16

Entrance to Cañada de las Fuentes

30S x=502249 y=4188087

1376

17

Pino Pepe pine tree

30S x=502541 y=4189993

1289

18

Casa Forestal Los Rasos (forestry house)

30S x=503027 y=4191110

1197

19

Arroyo Amarillo stream

30S x=503796 y=4192381

1153

20

Panoramic Views

30S x=505020 y=4193986

1105

21

Cortijo del Calerón (farmhouse)

30S x=505039 y=4194528

1049

22

Puente de las Herrerías bridge

30S x=505527 y=4195044

1012

23

Campsite

30S x=505779 y=4195592

990

24

Junction on Las Navas road

30S x=506579 y=4197432

997

25

Circular Trail: Cerrada de Utrero

30S x=506569 y=4197531

982

26

Vadillo-Castril Junction

30S x=506353 y=4197556

1008

27

Junction to the Parador Nacional (a state-run hotel)

30S x=506023 y=4197192

1046

28

Empalme del Valle junction

30S x=504138 y=4196775

1104

29

Puerto de las Palomas Viewpoint

30S x=505462 y=4199470

1250

30

Paso del Aire Viewpoint - Puerto de las Palomas Pass

30S x=505266 y=4200118

1211

31

Burunchel checkpoint

30S x=504732 y=4200417

985


DESCRIPTION OF THE ITINERARY

This circular route is one of the most characteristic routes that can be done in the Nature Reserve, either by bike, in a private off-road vehicle or by booking an off-road vehicle guided tour. Your route starts in the town of Iruela, an historical site, but this circular route can be started at any point along the way and will always end at the same place. The first section of the asphalted track affords stunning views of the town of Cazorla and several viewpoints from which to admire the Old Town. After 4 km, close to the Escaleruela waterfall, you come to a wide dirt track that you follow for 31 km. There are many interesting spots to stop at along the way, including the views of Cinco Esquinas Castle, the Montesión monastery, the Sierra Mágina mountains and Quesada. 

You pass the El Chorro Forestry House and at km 12 you come to the Chorro rock face, where you may be lucky enough to see a majestic griffon vulture flying over the magnificent vulture colony.

Next, continuing uphill along the track, you come to a signpost indicating the way to the source of the River Guadalquivir. Go over Collado Zamora hill, a wonderful natural balcony overlooking the surrounding countryside, and Puerto Lorente pass, the highest point on your route, home to one of the oldest gall oaks in the Nature Reserve. From there, begin the long descent that leads to Cañada de las Fuentes and the Source of the River Guadalquivir.

Downstream from the Source, you go through some unique landscapes with very interesting botanical and geographical features. "Pino Pepe", a giant pine right next to the track, is particularly outstanding. Unfortunately, an unethical traveller "baptised" the tree at knife point several years ago. Other striking features include the geological formations around the Arroyo Amarillo (stream), the majestic Cortijo del Calderón farmhouse and the Puente de las Herrerías bridge (km 35 on the route) which was built in a single night, according to a local legend. This is where you leave the dirt track and turn onto the JF-7092 road, which is asphalted. Continue alongside the right bank of the river for 3 km, past the Puente de las Herrerías campsite and the town of Vadillo-Castril, until you arrive at another bridge over the River Guadalquivir. Here you come to the little dam at Cerrada de Utrero, where there is a signposted circular path that is well worth stopping to explore.

Next, back on the JF-7091, head towards the Empalme del Valle junction, turn onto the A-319 road and go uphill in the direction of Cazorla until you come to Puerto de las Palomas Pass, where there are two viewpoints. Go over the top of the pass and down the winding road to Burunchel. Skirt the Nature Reserve and down a gentle hill until you arrive at the starting point in La Iruela.


ELEVATION PROFILES

POINTS OF INTEREST
MUNICIPAL DISTRICTS EN ROUTE

La Iruela- Cazorla and Quesada

REGION(S) TO WHICH THEY BELONG

Sierra de Cazorla region

RECREATIONAL AND SPORTS AREAS NEAR THE TRAIL

Cañada de las Fuentes- Puente de las Herrerías- Linarejos- Empalme del Valle



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